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Metaphora




Metaphora[1] (a Graeco μεταφορά 'translatio',[2] < μεταφέρω 'transferre'[3] < μετά 'inter'[4] + φέρω 'ferre'[5]), sive Latine classica translatio,[6][7][8] verba translata,[9] figura,[10] vel traductio,[11] est figura loquendi quae rem describit dicens eam, quae ad certam causam comparationis spectat, esse eandem rem cum alia re aliter non cognata, vel usus vocabuli cuiusdam significationis similis in loco alterius vocabuli. Metaphora ergo est genus analogiae, aliisque figuris loquendi arte conectitur quae effectus rhetoricos per societatem vel comparationem habent, inter quos allegoria, hyperbole, et similitudo. Verbis simplicioribus, binas comparat res sine vocabulis ut vel sicut.

Index

Structura


I. A. Richards, rhetor Anglicus, in libro The Philosophy of Rhetoric anno 1936 divulgato, metaphorae tribuit duas partes: tenorem et vehiculum. Tenor est res cui certa attributa ascribuntur; vehiculum est res cuius attributa mutuum sumunt. Alii scriptores vocabulis causa vel ratio (Anglice ground) et figura ad designandos tenorem et vehiculum utuntur. Linguistae cognitivae vocabulis scopos et fons similiter utuntur.

Notae


  1. Quintilianus, in John T. White, An English-Latin Dictionary (Sicagi: Follett Publishing, 1928), p. 232.
  2. μεταφορά , Henry George Liddell et Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, in Perseus
  3. μεταφέρω , Henry George Liddell et Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, in Perseus
  4. μετά , Henry George Liddell et Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, in Perseus
  5. φέρω , Henry George Liddell et Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, in Perseus
  6. Ainsworth's.
  7. D. P. Simpson, Cassell's Latin Dictionary (Novi Eboraci: Wiley Publishing, 1968), p. 763.
  8. John T. White, An English-Latin Dictionary (Sicagi: Follett Publishing, 1928), p. 232.
  9. D. P. Simpson, Cassell's Latin Dictionary (Novi Eboraci: Wiley Publishing, 1968), p. 763.
  10. Cicero, in John T. White, An English-Latin Dictionary (Sicagi: Follett Publishing, 1928), p. 232.
  11. Ainsworth's.

Bibliographia


Nexus interni


Nexus externi










Categoriae: Fictio | Metaphorae | Structura








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