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Holismus




Holismus (a Graeco ὅλος 'totus') est ratio cogitandi, totum — quod etiam universitas (rerum) appellare decet — plus aliquid esse quam partium summam, vel, ut exactius dicamus, proprietates alicuius rerum universitatis plus aliquid esse quam partium proprietatum summam.[1] Qui holismo favent, totum sui generis esse dicunt, nec ex solis quibus constat partibus intellegi posse. Itaque aiunt intellectum animalis aliquid plus quam solam descriptionem membrorum eorumque officiorum requirere.

Holismus variis modis amplectitur. Divisio fundamentalis in holismum ontologicum et holismum methodologicum diducitur, quarum prima ea quae sunt pertractat, et secunda ea considerat quibus aliqua res explananda intellegibilis redditur.

Index

De varietatibus holismi


Holismus est positio quae docet totum, vel systema, unam saltem possidere proprietatem, quae ex partibus quibus constat deduci non potest. Cum phaenomena holistica paene undique inveniri possint, thesium appellationes variant: holismus epistemologicus, holismus significationis, holismus socialis, etc.

Notae


  1. Pelletier 2012: 153.
  2. Saussure 1995: 97-103.

Nexus interni


Bibliographia










Categoriae: Emergentia | Holismus | Philosophia scientiae








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