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Exsistentia




Exsistentia[1] generaliter habetur illud quod vere perseverat praeter praesentiam sui.

Ontologia plerumque est philosophicum naturae entitatis, exsistentiae, vel realitatis studium, cum primis categoriis entis et earum cognationibus. Pars philosophia, metaphysica a maioribus appellata, quaestiones tractat quae investigant quales entitates exsistunt sive exsistere dici possunt (exempli gratia, "Exsistit UDFj-39546284 structura stellaris?"'), et quomodo tales entitates disponi, intra hierarchiam coniungi, et per similitudines et differentias dividi possunt.

Materialismus docet solas res quae exsistunt materiam et energiam esse, omnes res ex materia componi, omnes actiones energiae egent, omnesque phaenomena (inter quae conscientia) ex interactionibus materialibus oriuntur.

Vita est proprietas quae res quibus sunt rationes biologicae se sustinentes distinguit a proprietabus quae tales res non habent[2][3]—aut quia tales functiones desierunt (mors), aut quia talibus functionibus carent et inanimatae describuntur.[4]

Exsistentia in mathematica a quantifactore asseritur, quantifactore exsistentiali, uno ex quantifactoribus, quorum alius est quantifactor universalis. Proprietates quantifactoris per axiomata constituuntur.

Index

Nexus interni


Notae


  1. Vocabulum etiam existentia scriptum.
  2. Koshland 2002.
  3. American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, ed. 4a (Houghton Mifflin Company), via Answers.com :
    • "The property or quality that distinguishes living organisms from dead organisms and inanimate matter, manifested in functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, and response to stimuli or adaptation to the environment originating from within the organism."
    • "The characteristic state or condition of a living organism."
  4. Definitio vocabuli inanimate. WordNet Search, Princeton University.

Bibliographia


Nexus externi











Categoriae: Exsistentialismus | Notiones in metaphysica | Ontologia | Philosophia vitae | Realitas








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