Biota -


Biota[1] in scientificis classificationis rationibus sunt res quae ad caput totius taxinomiae viventium stant. Pan-Biota appellatur is cladus phylogeneticus qui vitam ab initio usque ad homines comprehendit. Sic definitur ab ipso Wagner: "Panbiota": the first ancestor of Homo sapiens and all of its descendants, i.e. "Hominis sapientis progenitor omnesque suae proles". Idem cladus secundum regulas phylogeneticas recentiores in "Pan-Biota (Wagner, 2004)" a Queiroz et al. (2020) rite rescripta est, definitione emendata.


De nomine

Biota est voocabulum originis recentis, in lingua Anglica a biot- (vita) et suffixo -a formatum, sed similis est voci Graeco βιοτή, synonymo βίος, "vita".[2]

Synonymum huius notionis est Bionta, nunc taxon defunctum habitum, creatum a Lee Barker Walton anno 1930, ad omnia viventia denominanda, quod in tria subregna divisa erat: Protistodeas, Metaphytodeas (plantas multicellulares), et Zoodeas (animalia multicellularia).

Index taxonomicus et exempla vitae

Imperium: Vira (virus: est parasitus intracellularis, dubium est an animal sit)
Imperium: Cellulata

Superregio: Bacteria
Regio: Bacteria (utraque supra Eubacteria sunt, olim: Procaryota / Monera?)
Superregio: Archocaryota[3]
Regio[4]: Archaea / Archaebacteria
Regio: Eucaryota (qui nucleum habent in cellulis)
Subregio: Uniconta / Sarcomastigota (qui flagellum habent, ut: Eumycota, Amoebozoa, Choanozoa, Metazoa,...)
Infraregio: Opisthoconta (qui flagello propelluntur, vide regna: Fungi & Animalia)
Subregio: Biconta / Biciliata (vide infra: Chromalveolata, Excavata, Rhizaria, Archaeplastida, Apusozoa?)


Regnum: Protista

Regnum: Chromista

Regnum: Fungi

Regnum: Plantae

Regnum: Animalia


  1. ""Biota" apud WoRMS. Cf. Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the phyla of life on earth. 3a ed. Novi Eboraci: Freeman. ISBN 0-7167-3027-8
  2. Oxford English Dictionary (3a editio, 2010), s.v. "biota".
  4. Woese CR, Kandler O, Wheelis ML (1990). "Towards a natural system of organisms: proposal for the domains Archaea, Bacteria, and Eucarya". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 87 (12): 4576–9 


Nexus interni

Nexus externi

Situs scientifici:  • Encyclopedia of Life  • WoRMS: Marine Species  • Fossilworks

Categoriae: Biota | Classificatio scientifica | Systemata biologica | Vita

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